TABLE OF CONTENTS
An Introductory Bear Flag Bibliography
Bear Flag Witnesses Statements
The Complete Bear Flag Bibliography—
An Introductory Bear Flag Bibliography
The materials available on the Bear Flag Revolt are voluminous. There are over 160 years of writings on various phases of the Revolt, with various emphases and biases. An effort is in progress in the BFM’s The Complete Bear Flag Bibliography to develop a full bibliography of the Bear Flag. Here, however, the purpose is to direct the visitor to a selection of materials through which a quality introduction to the literature on the Bear Flag may be obtained. There is no intent to be complete, but only to give an introduction to some, significant materials. The selections listed here are an opinion. Others may very well choose other works. Some of the works referenced here are directly available at the BFM and where that it the case, click on the bear adjacent to the item for a direct link to the text.
For a brief introduction to the history of the Bear Flag, the BFM suggests the two articles which are contained in the 1958 Blue Book published by the State of California, which are available here at the BFM:
The Bear Flag by J. N. Bowman.
For an in depth introduction to the Bear Flag, there still is no better resource than the 1886 HISTORY OF CALIFORNIA, VOL. V., 1846-1848 from THE WORKS OF HUBERT HOWE BANCROFT, VOLUME XXII (SAN FRANCISCO, THE HISTORY COMPANY, PUBLISHERS). Bancroft’s History is wonderful for its detail and in particular its collection of statements from witnesses to the events. One should be careful not to overlook the footnotes in this volume. Much is contained in these notes. Chapters IV through VIII of VOL. V. about the Bear flag Revolt are available at the BFM . A separate link to the Table of Contents and to each chapter of Bancroft’s History is provided to minimize the time for loading of the material which runs to a total of approximately 120 pages. Many if not most California libraries carry Bancroft. While not easy to find for purchase, with some tenacity in visiting used bookstores, a copy of Volume V. can be obtained, either in the original edition or in a reprint from 1963.
New Light on the Original Bear by John Adam Hussey is to be found at page 205, et seq. of the California Historical Society Quarterly, Vol. XXXI, No. 3, San Francisco (1952). It is hoped that soon this article will be available here at the BFM with the permission of the California Historical Society. The article not only gives a fair summary about the flag, but also brings “new” materials to the study of the bear flag. It is one of the most important articles written about the Bear Flag in the 20th Century. The California Libraries Catalog lists 90 California libraries which carry the Quarterly. The California Historical Society Quarterly is also the source of much further information and many articles related the the Bear flag Revolt and its personalities. An index is available online at the Society’s website:
In the middle of the 20th Century, Fred Blackburn Rogers (see above in the 1958 California Blue Book) created his own library of literature on the Bear Flag. These materials include Bear Flag Lieutenant, The Life Story of Henry L. Ford (1951), Montgomery and the Portsmouth (1958), and William Brown Ide, Bear Flagger (1962). All of these volumes provide quality research and discussion of Bear Flag Revolt related events and persons, and including the Bear Flag itself. The BFM recommends all of these works. Bear Flag Lieutenant is available in the California Historical Society Quarterly in the volumes 29 and 30. It is also available in a book edition of 250 copies only which was published by the Society in 1951. This edition is difficult to locate to purchase. As this was being written, only a single copy was available for sale online at the larger used book websites and it was at a price of around $100. Bear Flag Lieutenant is available at over 30 California libraries according to the California Libraries Catalog . William Brown Ide, Bear Flagger, with a total of 750 original copies is more available for purchase (around 10 copies available for prices between $45 and $150). It is available from about 25 California libraries. Montgomery and the Portsmouth is available from about 25 libraries in California. It was also originally published in a limited 750 copies edition in 1958; however, it was reprinted in 1990 by the Portsmouth Marine Society(http://www.portsmouthmarinesociety.org/pms17.html). It is readily available from that Society at present for $25. Used copies of both editions are available at online booksellers from $20 to $75.
In 1978, James L. Brown’s 172 page, Dissension in Arcady, The Bear Flag Revolt (1978, Academy Press, Campbell, CA). was published posthumously. It is a careful effort to tell the story of the revolt and its flag, although at the present is generally unavailable except through a few (9) California libraries, mostly in Northerrn California. However, as of April 23, 2007, Academy Press, (545 Aldo Avenue Suite 6, Santa Clara, CA 95054; (408) 844-9918) still had copies of the book available for purchase.
For those of you residing in California, you can find the nearest location to you of any of the above-noted titles (or any other item) by searching the California Libraries Catalog at:
The Complete Bear Flag Bibliography—
Resolution of Mr. Thomson, of New Jersey, relative to certain dispatches from Commodore Stockton, in 1846, and any dispatches or history from Messrs. W.B. Ide, John Grigsby, and Samuel Nash, relative to the Declaration of Independence and hoisting the Bear Flag in California. (August 4, 1856. -- Submitted and ordered to be printed, U.S. Senate).
1846 - 1855
1856 - 1865
1866 - 1875
1876 - 1885
Bidwell, John “Fremont in the Conquest of California,” The Century Illustrated Monthly Magazine, (February, 1891), vol. XLI, no. 4.
Royce, Josiah “Montgomery and Fremont: New Documents on the Bear Flag Affair,” The Century; a popular quarterly, Volume 41, Issue 5 (Mar. 1891, The Century Company Publication).
1896 - 1899
Thompson, Robert Augustin (1832-1903) “Conquest of California : capture of Sonoma by Bear Flag men, June 14, 1846 ; raising the American flag in Monterey by Commodore John D. Sloat, July 7, 1846" (June 14,1896 historical address delivered in Sonoma, Sonoma Democrat Publishing Company).
1900 - 1909
1910 - 1919
1920 - 1929
California Historical Society Quarterly, Vol. 1, Nos. 1-3, Documentary-The Bear Flag Movement(1922). A valuable collection of historical documents related to the Bear Flag Revolt.
1930 - 1939
Hanna, Phil Townsend, (1896-1957) “California Under Twelve Flags” (c.1937, 1969, The Automobile Club of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA).
1950 - 1959
California's state flag by Celeste G. Murphy (1950, Sonoma, CA).
Conmy, Peter Thomas. The Origin and Purposes of the Native Sons and Native Daughters of the Golden West. San Francisco [Calif.]: Dolores Press, 1956.
Hawgood, John A. John C. Fremont and the Bear Flag Revolution: A Reappraisal and Bibliographical Essay on the Bear Flag Revolt, Southern California Quarterly (June 1962, Historical Society of Southern California), Vol. XLIV, No. 2, pp. 67 -96.
The History of the California Bear Flag (unknown date, but before 1990) by David W. Stuart, Past Grand President, NSGW [courtesy of Ted Kaye and from the files of the NSGW].
California. Military Dept. California bear flag (1973, Public Affairs Office, Military Department, State of California, Sacramento, CA).
Military Dept., State of California Flags over California : a history and guide.(2002, Military Dept., State of California Sacramento, CA); 27 p. : col. ill. ; 28 cm. includes bibliographical references. Designed to provide information on the California State (Bear) Flag and other flags that have flown over California, as well as to set forth the various rules and regulations regarding the proper display, etc., of both the U.S. flag and the California state flag.
Frank Soulé, John H. Gihon, M.D., and James Nisbet. The Annals of San Francisco (1855, San Francisco).
Bigelow, John Memoir of the Life and Public Services of John Charles Fremont (1856, New York, Derby & Jackson).
Dunbar, Edward E. The Romance of the Age; or, the Discovery of Gold in California (1867, D. Appleton and Company, New York).
1876 - 1885
“The Bear Flag War, Its Cause-its Progress-its Conclusion,” History of Mendocino County California (1880, Alley, Bowen & Co., San Francisco).
History of Marin County, California ( Petaluma, Calif., Charmaine Burdell Veronda, 1972, c1880); 516 pp. map, "Together with a full and particular record of the Mexican grants; its early history and settlement, compiled from the most authentic sources; names of original Spanish and American pioneers; a full record of its organization; a complete political history, including a tabular statement of office-holders since the formation of the county; separate histories of Bolinas, Nicasio, Novato, Point Reyes, San Antonio, San Rafael, Saucelito, and Tomales Townships; incidents of pioneer life, and biographical sketches of its early and prominent settlers and representative men; also an historical sketch of the State of California, in which is embodied the raising of the bear flag."
History of Contra Costa County, California (Oakland, Calif. : Brooks-Sterling Co., 1974; originally published in 1882 by W. A. Slocum & Co., San Francisco), 710 pp. includes reproduction of original title page: "History of Contra Costa County, California : including its geography, geology, topography, climatography and description, together with a record of the Mexican grants, the bear flag war, the Mount Diablo coal fields, the early history and settlement, compiled from the most authenic sources, the names of original Spanish and Mexican pioneers, full legislative history of the county, separate history of each township, showing the advance in population and agriculture; also, incidents of pioneer life ; and biographical sketches of early and prominent settlers and representative men; and of its towns, villages, churches, secret societies, etc."
Hittell, Theodore H. HISTORY OF CALIFORNIA, Volume II (1885), p. 432.
1886 - 1895
Bancroft, Hubert Howe The Works of Hubert Howe Bancroft, Volume XXII, History of California, Vol. V. 1846-1848 (1886, the History Company, Publishers, San Francisco).
1896 - 1899
1900 - 1909
1910 - 1919
Eldredge, Zoeth Skinner The Beginnings of San Francisco from the Expedition of Anza, 1774 to the City Charter of April 15, 1850 With Biographical and Other Notes (1912 San Francisco Printed By John C. Rankin Company 54 & 56 Dey Street New York).
Vallejo, Platon Mariano Guadalupe Memoirs of the Vallejos: New light on the history, before and after the "gringos" came, based on original documents and recollections( 1994, James D. Stevenson Pub., in cooperation with the Napa County Historical Society, reprint of articles published in 1914 by arrangement of James H, Wilkins of the Bulletin ).
1920 - 1929
Stellman, Louis J. Port O'Gold: a history-romance of the San Francisco Argonauts (1922, Richard G. Badger, Boston, MA).
1930 - 1939
Mackey, Margaret Gilbert and Sooy, Louise Pinkney Early California Costumes, 1769-1847 and Historic Flags of California (1932, Stanford University Press).
Lewis, Oscar California in 1846: described in letters from Thomas O. Larkin, “The Farthest West,” E. M. Kern, and “Justice”, notes and introduction by Oscar Lewis (1934, Grabhorn Press, San Francisco, CA).
Kirov, George William B. Ide : the president of California (1935,Published by the Senate of the State of California, Sacramento).
Murphy, Celeste G. The People of the Pueblo or The Story of Sonoma, Centennial Edition) (1937, 1941, 1948, Binfords & Mort, Portland, OR).
Royce, Josiah, and Robert Glass Cleland. California, from the Conquest in 1846 to the Second Vigilance Committee in San Francisco; A Study of American Character. New York: A.A. Knopf, 1948.
1950 - 1959
Teiser, Ruth, ed.This Sudden Empire CALIFORNIA, The Story of The Society of California Pioneers, 1850 to 1950 (1950, The Society of California Pioneers, San Francisco), with a foreword by Edward David Keil and decorations by Mallette Dean.
Rogers, Fred Blackburn Bear Flag lieutenant; the life story of Henry L. Ford, 1822-1860 (1951, San Francisco, California Historical Society, Two hundred and fifty numbered copies
Hammond, George P., ed. The Larkin Papers: personal, business, and official correspondence of Thomas Oliver Larking, merchant and United States consul in California (1951-1964, University of California Press), 10 vol.; vol. 4, 1845-1846 [correspondences to May 31, 1846]; vol. 5, 1846 [vol. 5 contains the correspondences commencing June 1, 1846 and forward].
Lewis, Oscar The Story of California (1955, Doubleday & Company, Inc.), illustrated by John N. Barron.
Downey, Joseph T. The Cruise of the Portsmouth, 1845-1847; A Sailor's View of the Naval Conquest of California. Edited by Howard Lamar. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1958.
Cleland, Robert Glass From Wilderness to Empire, A History of California(New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1962), edited and brought down to date by Glenn S. Dumke; original copyright 1944; Chapter 11. From Bear flag to Statehood, pp. 106 -124
Hawgood, John A. First and Last Consul, Thomas Oliver Larking and the Americanization of California, A Selection of Letters (1st edition 1962, Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery; 2nd edition John A. Hawgood, Pacific Books, Publishers), pp.71 - 83.
Vessel, Matthew F., Wong, Herbert H., Mitchell, Helen, and King, Ron California emblems (1965,
1970 - 1979
Fremont, John Charles, Donald Dean Jackson and Mary Lee Spence, ed. The Expeditions of John Charles Fremont. (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1970), Vol. 2, The Bear Flag Revolt and the Court Martial.
Brown, James L. Dissension in Arcady, The Bear Flag Revolt (1978, Academy Press, Campbell, CA).
Knill, Harry; Taylor, Nick; Neary, Donna Rosie & the Bear Flag (1979, Bellerophon Books, Santa Barbara, CA).
1980 - 1989
1990 - 1999
Holland, Cecelia The Bear Flag (1990, Houghton Mifflin, Boston) a fictional account of the Bear Flag Revolt events.
Rogers, Fred Blackburn Montgomery and the Portsmouth (1958, John Howell Books, San Francisco. Reprinted with permission 1990, The Portsmouth Marine Society, Peter E. Randall, Publisher).
Hussey, John A. Chapter 17, The California Bear Flag in Milo M. Quaife, Melvin J. Weig, and Roy E. Appleman The History of the United States Flag (1961, Harper & Row).
Ide, Simeon A biographical sketch of the life of William B. Ide : with a minute and interesting account of one of the largest emigrating companies, 3000 miles over land, from the East to the Pacific coast, and what is claimed as the most authentic and reliable account of "the virtual conquest of California, in June, 1846, by the Bear Flag Party," as given by its leader, the late Hon. William Brown Ide. (1967, Rio Grande Press, Glorieta, N.M., 1880).
Jackson, Donald and Spence, Mary Lee, ed. The expeditions of John Charles Fremont (Urbana, University of Illinois Press,1970), v. in illus., 2 fold. maps, The bibliographies and indexes. portfolio contains a 16 page commentary by D. Jackson and 5 maps of the Fremont expeditions, map 4 being in 7 sections. Includes bibliographies., v. 1. Travels from 1838 to 1844.--v. 2. The Bear Flag revolt and the court-martial.--v. 2. suppl. Proceedings of the court-martial.
Hague, Harlan and Langum, David J. Thomas O. Larkin: A Life of Patriotism and Profit in Old California (1990, University of Oklahoma Press).
Storer, Tracy I. and Tevis, Lloyd P., Jr. California Grizzly (1955, University of California Press, Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA; renewed 1983, First California Paperback Printing, 1996) with Foreword by Rick Bass (1996).
Warner, Barbara R. Warner The Men of the California Bear Flag Revolt and Their Heritage (1996, Published by The Arthur H. Clark Publishing Company for the Sonoma Valley Historical Society).
Hobart, Billie. Captain Granville Perry Swift: California Pioneer and Sonoma Bear. (2001, Bloomington, IN: 1st Books Library).
April 24, 2007
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